Newnes Engineering and Physical Science Pocket Book

Book description

Newnes Engineering and Physical Science Pocket Book is an easy reference of engineering formulas, definitions, and general information. Part One deals with the definitions and formulas used in general engineering science, such as those concerning SI units, density, scalar and vector quantities, and standard quantity symbols and their units. Part Two pertains to electrical engineering science and includes basic d.c. circuit theory, d.c. circuit analysis, electromagnetism, and electrical measuring instruments. Part Three involves mechanical engineering and physical science. This part covers formulas on speed, velocity, acceleration, force, as well as definitions and discussions on waves, interference, diffraction, the effect of forces on materials, hardness, and impact tests. Part Four focuses on chemistry — atoms, molecules, compounds and mixtures. This part examines the laws of chemical combination, relative atomic masses, molecular masses, the mole concept, and chemical bonding in element or compounds. This part also discusses organic chemistry (carbon based except oxides, metallic carbonates, metallic hydrogen carbonate, metallic carbonyls) and inorganic chemistry (non-carbon elements). This book is intended as a reference for students, technicians, scientists, and engineers in their studies or work in electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry, and general engineering science.

Table of contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Part One: General Engineering Science
    1. Chapter 1: SI units
      1. Publisher Summary
    2. Chapter 2: Density
      1. Publisher Summary
    3. Chapter 3: Scalar and vector quantities
      1. Publisher Summary
    4. Chapter 4: Standard quantity symbols and their units
      1. Publisher Summary
  7. Part Two: Electrical Engineering Science
    1. Chapter 5: Basic d.c. circuit theory
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Standard symbols for electrical components
      3. Electrical measuring instruments
      4. Linear and non-linear devices
      5. Series circuit
      6. Parallel circuit
      7. Wiring lamps in series and in parallel
      8. Resistance variation
    2. Chapter 6: d.c. circuit analysis
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Kirchhoff’s laws
    3. Chapter 7: Electrolysis
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Electrode reactions
      3. The electrolysis of dilute solutions of acids, alkalis and salts
      4. The electrolysis of molten salts and concentrated solutions
      5. Industrial applications of electrolysis
      6. Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
      7. Faraday’s laws and the mole concept
    4. Chapter 8: Electrode potentials, cells and corrosion
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Corrosion of metals
    5. Chapter 9: Capacitors and capacitance
      1. Publisher Summary
    6. Chapter 10: Electromagnetism and magnetic circuits
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Magnetism
      3. Electromagnetism
      4. Principle of operation of a d.c. motor
      5. Magnetic circuits
      6. Comparison between electrical and magnetic quantities
    7. Chapter 11: Electromagnetic induction and inductance
      1. Publisher Summary
    8. Chapter 12: Alternating currents and voltages
      1. Publisher Summary
    9. Chapter 13: Single phase series a.c. circuits
      1. Publisher Summary
    10. Chapter 14: Single phase parallel a.c. circuits
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. 2 R-L parallel circuit
      3. 3 R-C parallel circuit
      4. 4 L-C parallel circuit
      5. 5 LR-C parallel circuit
    11. Chapter 15: a.c. circuit analysis
      1. Publisher Summary
    12. Chapter 16: Semiconductor diodes
      1. Publisher Summary
    13. Chapter 17: Transistors
      1. Publisher Summary
    14. Chapter 18: Three-phase systems
      1. Publisher Summary
    15. Chapter 19: d.c. transients
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Transients in series connected C-R circuits
      3. Transients in series connected L-R circuits
      4. The effects of time constant on a rectangular wave
    16. Chapter 20: Single phase transformers
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Transformer principle of operation
      3. Transformer no-load phasor diagram
      4. Transformer construction
    17. Chapter 21: d.c. machines
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Shunt-wound motor characteristics
      3. Series-wound motor characteristics
      4. Shunt-wound generator characteristics
      5. Series-wound generator characteristic
      6. The d.c. motor starter
      7. Speed control of d.c. motors
    18. Chapter 22: a.c. motors
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Three-phase induction motors
      3. Single-phase induction motor
    19. Chapter 23: Electrical measuring instruments and measurements
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Principle of operation of a moving coil instrument
      3. Principle of operation of the moving iron instrument
      4. Shunts and multipliers
      5. A.C. bridges
      6. Waveform harmonics
      7. Decibel units
  8. Part Three: Mechanical Engineering and Physical Science
    1. Chapter 24: Speed and velocity
      1. Publisher Summary
    2. Chapter 25: Acceleration and force
      1. Publisher Summary
    3. Chapter 26: Linear momentum and impulse
      1. Publisher Summary
    4. Chapter 27: Linear and angular motion
      1. Publisher Summary
    5. Chapter 28: Friction
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Advantages and disadvantages of frictional forces
    6. Chapter 29: Waves
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Characteristics of sound waves
    7. Chapter 30: Interference and diffraction
      1. Publisher Summary
    8. Chapter 31: Light rays
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Reflection of light
      3. Refraction of light
    9. Chapter 32: The effects of forces on materials
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Tensile force
      3. Compressive force
      4. Shear force
      5. Shear stress and strain
      6. Torsional stress and strain
    10. Chapter 33: Hardness and impact tests
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Hardness tests
      3. Impact tests
    11. Chapter 34: Centre of gravity and equilibrium
      1. Publisher Summary
    12. Chapter 35: Coplanar forces acting at a point
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The resultant of two coplanar forces
      3. The resultant of more than two coplanar forces
      4. Summary
    13. Chapter 36: Simply supported beams
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Shearing force and bending moments
    14. Chapter 37: Work, energy and power
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Kinetic energy of rotation
    15. Chapter 38: Torque
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Power transmission by belt drives
    16. Chapter 39: Simple machines
      1. Publisher Summary
    17. Chapter 40: Heat energy
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Principle of operation of a refrigerator
      3. Conduction, convection and radiation
      4. Practical applications of conduction
      5. Examples of convection are
      6. Practical applications of radiation include
      7. Vacuum flask
      8. Use of insulation in conserving fuel
    18. Chapter 41: Thermal expansion
      1. Publisher Summary
    19. Chapter 42: Measurement of temperature
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Liquid-in-glass thermometer
      3. Thermocouple
      4. Resistance thermometer
      5. Thermistors
      6. Pyrometers
    20. Chapter 43: Solutions
      1. Publisher Summary
    21. Chapter 44: Pressure in fluids
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. U-tube manometer
      3. Simple barometer
      4. Fortin barometer
      5. Bourdon pressure gauge
      6. Hydrostatic pressure
      7. Archimedes’ principle
    22. Chapter 45: Surface tension and viscosity
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Surface tension
      3. Viscosity
    23. Chapter 46: Ideal gas laws
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Kinetic theory of gases
    24. Chapter 47: Properties of water and steam
      1. Publisher Summary
    25. Chapter 48: Fluids in motion
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Bernoulli’s equation
      3. Flow through orifices
      4. Impact of a jet
    26. Chapter 49: Measurement of fluid flow
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Orifice plate
      3. Venturi tube
      4. Flow nozzles
      5. Pitot-static tube
      6. Deflecting vane flow meter
      7. Turbine type flow meters
      8. Float and tapered-tube flow meter
      9. Electromagnetic flow meter
      10. Hot-wire anemometer
    27. Chapter 50: Simple harmonic motion and natural vibrations
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Simple harmonic motion
      3. Natural vibration
  9. Part Four: Chemistry
    1. Chapter 51: Atoms, molecules, compounds and mixtures
      1. Publisher Summary
    2. Chapter 52: The laws of chemical combination
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Law of conservation of matter
      3. Law of constant composition
      4. Law of multiple proportions
      5. Law of chemical combination by volume
    3. Chapter 53: Relative atomic masses, molecular masses and the ‘mole’ concept
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The ‘mole’ concept
    4. Chapter 54: Atomic structure of matter
      1. Publisher Summary
    5. Chapter 55: Radioactivity
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Half-life values of radioactive isotopes
    6. Chapter 56: Chemical bonding of the elements
      1. Publisher Summary
    7. Chapter 57: Chemical bonding in compounds
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The arrangement of ions
      3. The radius ratio
    8. Chapter 58: The kinetic theory of matter
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The relationship between pressure, volume and the velocity of particles
      3. Charles’ law
      4. Boyles’ law
      5. Dalton’s law of partitial pressures
      6. Graham’s law of diffusion
      7. Avagadro’s hypothesis
      8. The ideal gas law
      9. The distribution of molecular velocities
    9. Chapter 59: Chemical reactions
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Acid:base reactions
      3. Double decomposition of salt solutions
      4. Reduction:oxidation reactions or Redox reactions
      5. Direct combination reactions
      6. Displacement of metals from solutions of their salts
      7. Transition metal compound reactions
      8. Disproportionation
    10. Chapter 60: Rates of chemical reaction
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The collision theory of chemical reactions
      3. The role of catalysts in chemical reactions
    11. Chapter 61: Energy of chemical reactions
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The internal energy of a monatomic gas
      3. The energy changes in chemical reactions
      4. Exothermic and endothermic reactions
      5. Some definitions of standard ethalpy changes
      6. The law of energy changes
      7. The Born-Haber cycle for ionic solids
      8. Measurement of enthalpy changes
    12. Chapter 62: Chemical equilibrium in liquids and solutions
      1. Publisher Summary
    13. Chapter 63: Chemical equilibrium in gaseous reactions
      1. Publisher Summary
    14. Chapter 64: Ionic equilibrium reactions
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Weak acids and weak bases
      3. The ionic product of water, Kw
      4. The pH scale
      5. Buffer solutions
    15. Chapter 65: The structure of materials
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. Solids
      3. Ionic materials
      4. Covalent solids
      5. Metals
      6. Imperfections in metal structures
      7. Alloys
      8. Steel
      9. Interstitial compounds
      10. Polymer structures
      11. Thermoplastics
      12. Thermosetting plastics
      13. Fibre polymers
      14. Rubbers
      15. Liquids and gases
    16. Chapter 66: Organic chemistry
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The alkanes
      3. Reactions of the alkanes
      4. The alkenes
      5. Reactions of the alkenes
      6. The aryl hydrocarbons
      7. Reactions of the aryl hydrocarbons
      8. The alcohols and phenol
      9. The aldehydes and ketones
      10. The carboxylic acids
      11. The amines
      12. The alkyl halides or halogeno alkanes
    17. Chapter 67: Inorganic chemistry
      1. Publisher Summary
      2. The s-block elements
      3. The p- block elements
      4. The group VII elements
      5. The group IV elements
      6. The d-block elements
  10. Index
  11. Newnes Pocket Books

Product information

  • Title: Newnes Engineering and Physical Science Pocket Book
  • Author(s): J Bird, P Chivers
  • Release date: June 2014
  • Publisher(s): Newnes
  • ISBN: 9781483193878