Prologue: Washington, December 1980

1. Washington Post, December 2, 1980.

2. Ibid.

3. Ronald Hawk interview, November 22, 1999; Kay Greenough interview, November 18, 1999; Kathie Durbin, Tongass: Pulp Politics and the Fight for Alaska’s Rain Forest (Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 1999), 102–103.

4. Cecil D. Andrus and Joel Connelly, Cecil Andrus: Politics Western Style (Seattle: Sasquatch Books, 1998), 67.

5. “Remarks of the President,” White House Release, December 2, 1980, Carter Papers, White House Central File ST-5.

6. “Remarks of the President”; Andrus and Connelly, Andrus, 79; New York Times, December 3, 1980.

7. These totals are based on calculations by Richard Gordon. The official figures differ slightly.

8. Richard ...

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