Chapter 8. Particle Accelerators
A device that provides forces on charged particles by some combination of electric and magnetic fields and brings the ions to high speed and kinetic energy is called an accelerator. Many types have been developed for the study of nuclear reactions and basic nuclear structure, with an ever-increasing demand for higher particle energy. In this chapter we will review the nature of the forces on charges and describe the arrangement and principle of operation of several important kinds of particle accelerators. In later chapters we describe some of the many applications.
8.1. Electric and Magnetic Forces
Let us recall how charged particles are influenced by electric and magnetic fields. First, visualize a pair of ...