Chapter 18. Useful Radiation Effects

Radiation in the form of gamma rays, beta particles, and neutrons is being used in science and industry to achieve desirable changes. Radiation doses control offending organisms, including cancer cells and harmful bacteria, and sterilize insects. Local energy deposition can also stimulate chemical reactions and modify the structure of plastics and semiconductors. Neutrons and X-rays are used to investigate basic physical and biological processes. In this chapter we will briefly describe some of these interesting and important applications of radiation. For additional information on the uses around the world, proceedings of international conferences can be consulted. Thanks are due to Albert L. Wiley, Jr., ...

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