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Nuclear Energy, 6th Edition by Raymond L. Murray

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Chapter 19. Reactor Safety and Security

It is well known that the accumulated fission products in a reactor that has been operating for some time constitute a potential source of radiation hazard. Assurance is needed that the integrity of the fuel is maintained throughout the operating cycle, with negligible release of radioactive materials. This implies limitations on power level and temperature and adequacy of cooling under all conditions. Fortunately, inherent safety is provided by physical features of the fission chain reaction. In addition, the choice of materials, their arrangement, and restrictions on modes of operation give a second level of protection. Devices and structures that minimize the chance of accident and the extent of radiation ...

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