† Thanks are due Angelina Howard of the Nuclear Energy Institute for helpful information.
After World War II, Congress addressed the problem of exploiting the new source of energy for peaceful purposes. This led to the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, which was expanded in 1954. The Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) had functions of promotion and regulation for 28 y. Compliance with licensing rules plays an important role in the operation of any nuclear facility. A number of other organizations have evolved to provide technical information, develop standards, protect against diversion of nuclear materials, improve nuclear power operations, and perform private research and development.