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Nuclear Facilities

Book Description

Designing new nuclear facilities is an extraordinarily complex exercise, often requiring teams of specialists several hundred strong. Nuclear Facilities: A Designer’s Guide provides an insight into each of the main contributors and shows how the whole design process is drawn together.

Essential reading for all nuclear professionals: those already involved in the industry will gain knowledge that enables them to interact more effectively with colleagues in other disciplines. Its wealth of information will assist students and graduates in progressing more rapidly into fully rounded contributors to the nuclear facility design process. Whilst those joining nuclear from other industries will find a structured introduction to the nuclear world and discover what differentiates it from other spheres of engineering.

  • A single, comprehensive text on nuclear facility design which covers all major aspects of the process
    • Packed full of essential information, its complex subject matter is explained in a logical and comprehensible style
    • Valuable to those involved in both new build and decommissioning projects
    • Written by a highly respected expert in the nuclear industry

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. List of figures
  7. Author biography
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. Author's note
  10. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  11. Introduction
  12. 1: Nuclear fuel cycle
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Uranium mining and purification
    3. 1.2 The atom
    4. 1.3 Enrichment
    5. 1.4 Fuel fabrication
    6. 1.5 Nuclear reactors
    7. 1.6 Nuclear reaction
    8. 1.7 Control rods
    9. 1.8 Burnable poison
    10. 1.9 Neutron activation
    11. 1.10 Decay chain
    12. 1.11 Plutonium creation
    13. 1.12 MOX fuel
    14. 1.13 Fast breeder fuel
    15. 1.14 Spent fuel removal
    16. 1.15 Spent fuel routing
    17. 1.16 Reprocessing
    18. 1.17 High level waste
    19. 1.18 Intermediate level waste
    20. 1.19 Permanent disposal
  13. 2: Radiation
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Radiation and contamination
    3. 2.2 Electromagnetic spectrum
    4. 2.3 Nonionizing radiation
    5. 2.4 Ionizing radiation
    6. 2.5 Exposure to radiation
    7. 2.6 Protection from radiation
    8. 2.7 Criticality
    9. 2.8 Personal dose measurement
  14. 3: Radiological zoning
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Zoning rationale
    3. 3.2 Naming conventions
    4. 3.3 Radiation zones
    5. 3.4 Contamination zones
    6. 3.5 Guiding principles
    7. 3.6 Dual classifications
    8. 3.7 Surface contamination
    9. 3.8 Depicting zones
  15. 4: Radiological changerooms
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Generic types
    3. 4.2 Changerooms
    4. 4.3 Sub changerooms
  16. 5: Structural
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Steelwork structures
    3. 5.2 Concrete structures
    4. 5.3 Combined concrete and steel structures
    5. 5.4 Seismic analysis
    6. 5.5 Extreme environmental events
  17. 6: Process engineering
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Closed cells
    3. 6.2 Mass balance
    4. 6.3 Feedstock analysis
    5. 6.4 End product
    6. 6.5 Transfer devices
    7. 6.6 Services distribution
    8. 6.7 Agitation systems
    9. 6.8 Overflows
    10. 6.9 Volume reduction
    11. 6.10 Solids removal
    12. 6.11 Ion exchange (IX)
    13. 6.12 Off gas treatment
  18. 7: Mechanical engineering
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Mechanical handling caves
    3. 7.2 Shielding windows
    4. 7.3 Manipulators
    5. 7.4 Shield doors
    6. 7.5 Bogies
    7. 7.6 Decontamination
    8. 7.7 Cave arrangements
    9. 7.8 Flasks
  19. 8: Ventilation
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Role of nuclear ventilation system
    3. 8.2 Integration with radiological zoning
    4. 8.3 Cascade philosophy
    5. 8.4 Engineered gaps
    6. 8.5 Maintaining containment at truck bays
    7. 8.6 Maintaining containment on building perimeter
    8. 8.7 Filtration
    9. 8.8 Air conditioning
    10. 8.9 Heat recovery
    11. 8.10 Solar heat gain
    12. 8.11 The ventilation sequence
    13. 8.12 Air handling units
    14. 8.13 Air quality
    15. 8.14 Vessel ventilation
    16. 8.15 Gloveboxes
  20. 9: Cranes
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Conventional cranes and high integrity nuclear cranes
    3. 9.2 In-cave cranes
  21. 10: Electrical
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1 Electricity supply
    3. 10.2 Control systems
    4. 10.3 Instrumentation
  22. 11: Radiometric instruments
    1. Abstract
    2. 11.1 Monitoring requirements
    3. 11.2 Detection technologies
    4. 11.3 Technology selection
    5. 11.4 Instruments
    6. 11.5 Safeguards
  23. 12: Project planning
    1. Abstract
    2. 12.1 Client specification
    3. 12.2 Project controls
    4. 12.3 Project management
    5. 12.4 Programming
    6. 12.5 Project phase activities
    7. 12.6 Feedback
  24. 13: Waste management
    1. Abstract
    2. 13.1 Waste management hierarchy—conventional
    3. 13.2 Waste management hierarchy—radiological
    4. 13.3 Evolution of a waste management strategy
  25. 14: Safety
    1. Abstract
    2. 14.1 Occupational safety
    3. 14.2 Nuclear safety
    4. 14.3 Safety case
    5. 14.4 Hazard analysis studies
    6. 14.5 Risk
    7. 14.6 As low as reasonably practicable
    8. 14.7 Safety reports
    9. 14.8 Periodic reviews
    10. 14.9 Safety case integration
  26. 15: Decommissioning planning
    1. Abstract
    2. 15.1 Site license conditions
    3. 15.2 Planning factors
    4. 15.3 Operations phase
    5. 15.4 Decommissioning phases
    6. 15.5 Decommissioning strategy
    7. 15.6 Decommissioning plan
  27. 16: Future-proofing
    1. Abstract
    2. 16.1 Design for decommissioning (DfD)
    3. 16.2 Design to remodel and reuse (DRR)
    4. 16.3 Integration with decommissioning strategy
    5. 16.4 Principles of DfD and DRR
    6. 16.5 Funding future-proofing
    7. 16.6 Future-proofing enablers
    8. 16.7 Responsibilities
  28. 17: Design development
    1. Abstract
    2. 17.1 Layout preparations
    3. 17.2 Layout development
    4. 17.3 Vehicle bay
    5. 17.4 Ventilation stack
  29. Index