The starting point for the design of every nuclear facility is its mass and energy balance: essentially a detailed analysis of all the materials it is destined to handle, how they will interact with each other, the energy released or required, and waste products destined to be created. This chapter describes this important activity, along with much of the specialized equipment used in wet process facilities. For example, it describes devices used to transfer or agitate liquids: these include fluidic systems that have no moving parts so can be an attractive option for transferring liquids in a hostile radioactive environment. The chapter also discusses techniques, such as ion exchange, that are employed to remove ...
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