Reprocessing of spent oxide fuel from nuclear power reactors

P. Netter,     AREVA, France


This chapter introduces open and closed fuel cycles. There are discussions about reprocessing targets and constraints. The separation and purification of uranium and plutonium are described. A complete closed cycle for both uranium and plutonium is set out. Finally, the industrial-scale spent fuel reprocessing strategies for selected countries are given.

Key words

spent nuclear fuel

uranium reprocessing

plutonium reprocessing

PUREX process

16.1 Introduction: closed and open cycles

The need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the depletion of fossil natural resources and rising energy demand are all factors that support the continued ...

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