Reprocessing of spent oxide fuel from nuclear power reactors
P. Netter, AREVA, France
This chapter introduces open and closed fuel cycles. There are discussions about reprocessing targets and constraints. The separation and purification of uranium and plutonium are described. A complete closed cycle for both uranium and plutonium is set out. Finally, the industrial-scale spent fuel reprocessing strategies for selected countries are given.
spent nuclear fuel
16.1 Introduction: closed and open cycles
The need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the depletion of fossil natural resources and rising energy demand are all factors that support the continued ...