16

Reprocessing of spent oxide fuel from nuclear power reactors

P. Netter,     AREVA, France

Abstract:

This chapter introduces open and closed fuel cycles. There are discussions about reprocessing targets and constraints. The separation and purification of uranium and plutonium are described. A complete closed cycle for both uranium and plutonium is set out. Finally, the industrial-scale spent fuel reprocessing strategies for selected countries are given.

Key words

spent nuclear fuel

uranium reprocessing

plutonium reprocessing

PUREX process

16.1 Introduction: closed and open cycles

The need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the depletion of fossil natural resources and rising energy demand are all factors that support the continued ...

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