Partitioning and transmutation of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste
M. Salvatores, Senior Scientific Advisor, Nuclear Energy Directorate CEA (France); Idaho National Laboratory, USA
Partitioning and Transmutation (P&T) is considered as a way of reducing the burden on geological disposal, required to isolate long-lived isotopes (present in the spent fuel) from the biosphere in stable deep geological formations for long periods of time. In this chapter, the physics of transmutation and the type of reactors where TRU transmutation can be performed together with basic feasibility issues will be discussed. Key issues of any transmutation strategy are the impact on the fuel cycle (specific features required for major fuel ...