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Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell by Carlos A. Bertulani

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1 Hadrons

1.1 Nucleons

The scattering experiments made by Rutherford in 1911 [Ru11] led him to propose an atomic model in which almost all the mass of the atom was contained in a small region around its center called the nucleus. The nucleus should contain all the positive charge of the atom, the rest of the atomic space being filled by the negative electron charges.

Rutherford could, in 1919 [Ru19], by means of the nuclear reaction

Image

detect the positive charge particles that compose the nucleus called protons. The proton, with symbol p, is the nucleus of the hydrogen atom; it has charge +e of the same absolute value as that of the electron, and ...

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