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Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell by Carlos A. Bertulani

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5 Nuclear Models

5.1 Introduction

In the previous chapters we have talked about the impossibility of obtaining the properties of a system of A nucleons starting from its constituents and their underlying interactions, and it was clearly evidenced that there is a need to use models that represent some aspects of the real problem.

The models are essentially of two classes. The first class of models assume that the nucleons interact strongly in the interior of the nucleus and that their mean free path is small. This is a situation identical to that of molecules of a liquid, and the liquid drop model belongs to this first class. These are called collective models and they study phenomena that involve the nucleus as a whole.

Apart from such an approach ...

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