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Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell by Carlos A. Bertulani

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10 Nuclear Reactions—I

10.1 Introduction

The collision of two nuclei can give place to a nuclear reaction where, similarly to a chemical reaction, the final products can be different from the initial ones. This process happens when a target is bombarded by particles coming from an accelerator or from a radioactive substance. It was in the latter way that Rutherford observed, in 1919, the first nuclear reaction produced in the laboratory,

Image

using α-particles coming from a 214Bi sample and using as the target nitrogen contained in a reservoir.

As in (10.1), other reactions were induced using α-particles, the only projectile available initially. With ...

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