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Nuclear Physics in a Nutshell by Carlos A. Bertulani

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13 Rare Nuclear Isotopes

13.1 Introduction

The study of nuclear physics demands beams of energetic particles to induce nuclear reactions on the nuclei of target atoms. It was from this need that accelerators were born. Over the years nuclear physicists have devised many ways of accelerating charged particles to ever increasing energies. Today we have beams of all nuclei from protons to uranium ions available at energies well beyond those needed for the study of atomic nuclei. This basic research activity, driven by the desire to understand the forces that dictate the properties of nuclei, has spawned a large number of beneficial applications. Among its many progeny we can count reactor- and spallation-based neutron sources, synchrotron radiation ...

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