Specific Free-Field Stereo Microphone Techniques
Some stereo microphone techniques work better than others. Each method has different effects. A few techniques provide sharper imaging, some create a narrow stage width, some have exaggerated separation, and so on. In this chapter, I compare the characteristics of several specific stereo microphone techniques. All of these use free-field microphones; the next chapters cover stereo techniques using boundary microphones and dummy heads.
One characteristic that varies among different types of arrays is localization accuracy. Localization is accurate if instruments at the sides of the ensemble are reproduced from the left or right speaker, instruments halfway off center are ...