II

William Tecumseh Sherman

(1820–1891)

UNION GENERALS William T. Sherman and Ulysses S. Grant set patterns for the mass warfare of the twentieth century. Moreover, their campaigns, combining the destruction of the enemy homeland and mass assault into it, are still at the heart of what Weigley calls “the American Way of War.”1 In 1864–65,Sherman burned Atlanta and marched to the sea at Savannah, then north through the Carolinas, destroying the material base of the Southern armies and the morale of Southern troops and civilians. Grant, in the East, and Sherman in the West and South, forced the Rebels to build fortifications and use trenches and barbed wire to offset Yankee numbers and firepower. Union troops, in turn, took to trenches as well. ...

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