1. The answer is b.

Secondary prevention is the prevention of promotion by smoking cessation and implementation of appropriate screening measures. Primary prevention is the avoidance of exposure to carcinogens. Tertiary prevention consists of arresting, removing, or reversing a premalignant lesion to prevent recurrence or progression to cancer. CNPP, Page 112.

2. The answer is a.

Using barrier contraceptives and practicing safe sex are primary preventive strategies. Obtaining a Pap test at appropriate intervals and HPV testing are secondary prevention and screening methods. Exercise is not a known risk factor for cervical cancer. CNPP, Page 1401.

3. The answer is b.

The synergistic use of both alcohol ...

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