159. The answer is d.

The opioid dose should be changed, dose reduced, and a benzodiazepine added. This toxicity is usually due to neuroexcitatory metabolites of the opioids. Naloxone is not effective in reversing this toxicity. CNPP, Page 804.

160. The answer is c.

Palliative care is a model of care for people with advanced illness or high symptom burden that aims to improve quality of life for patients and families by focusing on symptom management, including physical, psychosocial, and psycho-spiritual symptoms. CNPP, Pages 2066–2068; CSM, Page 700.

161. The answer is d.

Although the definitions of palliative care and hospice share many similarities, there are several key differences between them in the U.S. ...

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