In most image processing tasks, one needs to scan all pixels of the image in order to perform a computation. Considering the large number of pixels that will need to be visited, it is essential to perform this task in an efficient way. This recipe, and the next one, will show you different ways of implementing an image scanning loop. This recipe uses pointer arithmetic.
We will illustrate the image scanning process by accomplishing a simple task: reducing the number of colors in an image.
Color images are composed of 3-channel pixels. Each of these channels corresponds to the intensity value of one of the three primary colors (red, green, blue). Since each of these values is an 8-bit
unsigned char, the ...