Calibrating a camera

From the introduction of this chapter, we learned that the essential parameters of a camera under the pin-hole model are its focal length and the size of the image plane (which defines the field of view of the camera). Also, since we are dealing with digital images, the number of pixels on the image plane is another important characteristic of a camera. Finally, in order to be able to compute the position of an image's scene point in pixel coordinates, we need one additional piece of information. Considering the line coming from the focal point that is orthogonal to the image plane, we need to know at which pixel position this line pierces the image plane. This point is called the principal point. It could be logical to assume ...

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