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OpenCV By Example by Vinícius Godoy, David Millán Escrivá, Prateek Joshi

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Image color equalization

In this section, we will learn how to equalize a color image. Image equalization and histogram equalization try to obtain a histogram with a uniform distribution of values. The result of equalization is an increase in the contrast of an image. The equalization allows lower local contrast areas to gain higher contrast, spreading out the most frequent intensities.

This method is very useful when the image is almost dark or completely bright and there are very small differences between the background and foreground. Using histogram equalization, we increase the contrast and the details that are over- or under-exposed. This technique is very useful in medical images, such as X-rays.

However, there are two main disadvantages ...

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