Transforming a point means you take a coordinate in one projection and turn it into a coordinate of another projection. Apart from transforming
EPSG:900913 and vice-versa, OpenLayers does not provide support for transforming other projections out of the box—to do transforms of other projections, you'll need to include Proj4js (which can be found at http://proj4js.org/).
In most scenarios, it is the job of the backend map server to handle projection transformations, but often it's useful or faster to do it on the client side (such as in the case of vector layer coordinate transformations). Let's take a look at how to transform
EPSG:900913 with OpenLayers.