O'Reilly logo

Optical Network Control: Architecture, Protocols, and Standards by Debanjan Saha, Bala Rajagopalan, Greg Bernstein

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Chapter Two. SONET and SDH Basics

2.1 INTRODUCTION

2.2 TIME DIVISION MULTIPLEXING (TDM)

2.3 GETTING TO KNOW THE SONET AND SDH SIGNALS

2.3.1 The Base SONET and SDH Signals

2.3.2 Payload Envelopes and Virtual Containers

2.3.2.1 Larger Payload Envelopes (Virtual Containers)

2.3.2.2 Smaller Payload Envelopes (Containers)

2.3.3 Synchronous Multiplexing

2.3.3.1 The SONET Multiplex Hierarchy

2.3.3.2 The SDH Multiplex Hierarchy

2.3.3.3 Byte Interleaving and Frequency Compensation

2.4 SONET/SDH LAYERING

2.4.1 The SONET Section (SDH Regenerator Section) Layer

2.4.1.1 Scrambling

2.4.2 The SONET Line (SDH Multiplex Section) Layer

2.4.3 The Tandem Connection Layer

2.4.4 The SONET Path (SDH Higher-Order Virtual Container) Layer

2.4.5 The VT Path Layer

2.4.6 Transparency

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required