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Optical Network Control: Architecture, Protocols, and Standards by Debanjan Saha, Bala Rajagopalan, Greg Bernstein

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Chapter Three. SONET and SDH: Advanced Topics

3.1 INTRODUCTION

3.2 ALL ABOUT CONCATENATION

3.2.1 Standard Contiguous Concatenation in SONET and SDH

3.2.2 Arbitrary Concatenation

3.2.3 Virtual Concatenation

3.2.3.1 Higher-Order Virtual Concatenation (HOVC)

3.2.3.2 Lower-Order Virtual Concatenation (LOVC)

3.3 LINK CAPACITY ADJUSTMENT SCHEME

3.4 PAYLOAD MAPPINGS

3.4.1 IP over ATM over SONET

3.4.2 Packet over SONET/SDH

3.4.3 Generic Framing Procedure (GFP)

3.4.3.1 GFP Frame Structure

3.4.3.2 GFP Functions

3.4.4 Ethernet over SONET/SDH

3.5 SONET/SDH TRANSPARENCY SERVICES

3.5.1 Methods for Overhead Transparency

3.5.2 Transparency Service Packages

3.6 WHEN THINGS GO WRONG

3.6.1 Transport Problems and Their Detection

3.6.1.1 Continuity Supervision

3.6.1.2 Connectivity Supervision ...

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