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Optical Network Control: Architecture, Protocols, and Standards by Debanjan Saha, Bala Rajagopalan, Greg Bernstein

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Chapter Four. Protection, Restoration, and Diversity in Optical Networks

4.1 INTRODUCTION

4.1.1 Overview

4.1.2 Protection and Restoration Techniques and Trade-offs

4.1.2.1 Reliability/Robustness

4.1.2.2 Bandwidth Efficiency

4.1.2.3 Recovery Time (Speed and Determinism)

4.1.2.4 Interoperability

4.2 LINEAR PROTECTION

4.2.1 Introduction to Linear Protection

4.2.1.1 Benefit of Linear Protection

4.2.1.2 Detecting that Something is Wrong

4.2.1.3 Types of Linear Protection and Communication Requirements

4.2.1.4 Extra Traffic

4.2.1.5 Reversion

4.2.2 Theoretical Underpinning of Linear Protection

4.2.3 SONET/SDH Line Protection

4.2.4 SDH/SONET Linear 1:N Protection

4.2.4.1 Introduction

4.2.4.2 Group Configuration

4.2.4.3 Line Parameters

4.2.5 SONET/SDH K1/K2 Linear APS (LAPS) ...

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