Index
(P indicates Problem)
Airy pattern, 68
Albedo, 29(P1.4)
Amplifier
integrating, 88-91
laser, 133
-limited NEP, 87, 94
optical, 133
transimpedance, 84-86
Antenna theorem, 128
Atmospheric attenuation, 173
Atmospheric turbulence, 147,
173
Audio laser system, 174(P7.3)
Avalanche photodiode, 109
B
Background-limited NEP, 87,
94
Beam compressor, 143
Beamwidth
Gaussian, 69
laser, 66
uniform circular, 68
BER (Bit error rate), 152-159
Blackbody
defined, 13
radiation, 1-16
Boltzmann
constant, 21
law, 2
Bose-Einstein factor, 9
BER, 152-159
sensitivity, defined, 155
with optical amplifier, 158
Compact disk (CD), 72(P3.4)
Confocal cavity, 45
Correlated double sampling, 90,
190
D
D (detectivity), 92
D*
(specific detectivity), 92-93
Dark current, 100
Detection probability, p^, 162-
166
Detectivity, D, 92
specific, D*, 92-93
Diffuse reflector, 17-18
Effective input noise current, 91
Einstein
radiation theory, 33
A,B
coefficients, 33-35
Electromagnetic mode, see
Mode
Electron
charge, 21
mass,
53
wavelength, 49, 72(P3.1)
Electron volts, 21
Electron wave function, 49, 51
Carbon dioxide laser, 45
Carson's theorem, 76
Coherent
detection, 123
radiation, 1
Communications, 151-161
//#,
19-20,145
Fabry-Perot resonator, 41-43
GaAs,
46(P2.2)
False-alarm probability,
p.-^
162-166
Far field, 56-71
195
196 Index
Fermi-Dirac statistics, 39-40
FET (fie Id-effect transistor)
equivalent circuit, 85
noise, 85
Flickeif7//) noise, 86
Fourier transform, 67,90
Fraunhofer transform, 66-67
Frequency response
phot(x:onductor, 104
semiconductor photodicxle,
107
vacuum photodiode, 99
Gain
avalanche photodiode. 111,
112
laser amplifier, 133
optical amplifier, 133
photoconductive, 104
semiconductor laser, 53-60
threshold, laser, 43
Gaussian
lineshape, 38
noise current distribution, 77
H
Headlamps, efficiency,
31
(PI.14)
Heat conductance, radiative, 30(P1.7)
Helium-neon laser, 45
Heter(xlyne detection, 123
Illuminance, 27
Image orthicon, 178
Image tubes
orthicon, 178
vidicon, 180
Induced emission, 33-35
Untrusion alarm, 174(P7.1)
Inversion factor,/;, 134,140
Irradiance, 11
J
Johnson noise, 79-83
Lambertian scatterer, 18
Laser
amplifier, 133
beamwidth, 66
carbon dioxide, 45
gain coefficient, 39, 53
helium-neon, 45
molecular gas, 47(P2.3)
semiconductor, 48-66
supermarket, 32(Pl.l6)
Lineshape
function, 37
Gaussian, 38
Lorentyian, 38
pressure-broadened, 38
Lorent/ian lineshape, 38
Lumen, 27
Luminosity factor, 27-28
Lunar constant, 18
Lux, 27
M
Maser, 41
Medical thermography, 30(P1.9-1.11),
4.1,4.2
Mersenne telescope, 143
Mixing
efficiency, 128
theorem, 129
Mode
cavity, 2-9
diffraction-limited, 131, 132
electromagnetic,
2.9,131
energy, 4-5
semiconductor laser, 64
spatial, 131,132
MTF (Modulation transfer
function), 177
N
Near-field, 56-71
£ (noise equiv. electron count), 89
CCD array, 190
diode array, 186
Index
197
NEE, continued
image orthicon, 179
vidicon, 183
NE.P
(noise equivalent power)
amplifier limited, 87, 94
background limited, 87, 94
heterodyne, 126
signal limited, 88, 94
NE0 (noise equivalent photon
count), 89
Noise
amplified spontaneous
emission (ASE), 134
factor, f, avalanche photo-
diode, 114-118; r, photo-
multiplier, 102
generation-recombination,
g-r,
104
Johnson, 79-83
SxN,NxN,138
shot, 74, 76-77
spontaneous emission, 133
temperature, T^, 85
thermal, 79-83
Numerical aperture, 19-20
QA product, 69,132,143,146
Optical amplification, 130-140
communications, 158
Photodiode
semiconductor, 103
vacuum, 98
Photometric, 27
Photomultiplier, 101
Photon
counting, 102,152
defined, 8-9
Photon radiance, 23
Photovoltaic mode, 106
Planck
constant, 21
law, 2-9
Planets, temperature, 29(P1.6)
Poisson statistics, 75
Pressure-broadened lineshape,
38
Quantum efficiency
defined, 75
semiconductor, 103
vacuum photodiode, 98-99
5^(responsivity), 91
RA product, 93,109
Radar, 161-173
cross section, a, 161-162
precision, 167-170
resolution, 167-170
speed detector, 176(P7.7)
with APD, 172
Radiance, 13
Radiative heat conductance, PI.7
Rangefinder, 175(P7.6)
Rayleigh fadings 166
Responsivity, 91
Retroreflector, 162, 175(P7.4)
Richard son-Dushman equation,
100
Rician statistics, 160,164-165
R.^, (effective input resistance),
"33
Ruby laser, 44
Secondary emission ratio,
5,
101
Semiconductor laser
buried heterostructure, 62
gain coefficient, 53-60
homojunction, 60
heterojunction, 61
modes, 64
state density, 48-53
stripe, 62
threshold, 59
198 Index
Semiconductor laser, continued
vertical cavity, 65
Sensitivity, communications,
defined, 155
Shot noise
defined, 74
formula 76-77
Siegman, antenna theorem, 128
Signal dependent noise
communications, 156
radar, 170
Signal-to-noise voltage, 86, 93
Silicon target vidicon, 181
Solar constant, 15-16
Specific detectivity, /
>*,
^2-^3
Spectral irradiance, ll)-ll
Spectral radiance
calculation, 25
defined, 13
Spontaneous emission, 33-35
Spontaneous omission time, 35
Stefan-Bolt/mann law, 14-16
Stimulated emission, 33-35
Supermarket laser, 32(P1.16)
Thermal detector, 73, 97
Thermal energy, 3
Thermal noise, 79-83
Thermography, 30(P1.9-1.11), 95(P4.1,
4.2)
Three-level maser, 43
/ Y (Noise temperature), 85
Transit time
photcKonductor, 103
semiconductor photodi(xle,
106
vacuum photodiode, MM-100
U
Ultraviolet catastrophe, 4
Units,
21
Vacuum photodiode, 98
Vidicon, 180

Get Optical Sources, Detectors, and Systems now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.