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Oracle Database 12c Backup and Recovery Survival Guide by Aman Sharma, Francisco Munoz Alvarez

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Restore versus recovery

On several occasions, people have asked me about the differences between restore and recovery. Due to these questions, I will take this opportunity to explain the difference in some simple words to make it clear:

  • Restore: It is the act that involves the restoration of all files that will be required to recover your database to a consistent state, for example, copying all backup files from a secondary location such as tape or storage to your stage area
  • Recovery: It is the process to apply all transactions recorded in your archive logs, rolling your database forward to a point-in-time or until the last transaction recorded is applied, thus recovering your database to the point-in-time you need

You will see some examples of how ...

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