Oracle introduced hot backups back in version 6, allowing us take hot backups of our database tablespaces without the need to shut down the database like in earlier versions. Moreover in version 10g, Oracle gave us the ability to take hot backups of the entire database, making our life a little more easy. When executing a user-managed backup online, Oracle stops recording checkpoints to all the associated datafiles.
Let's take a deeper look at what's happening internally in the database when we use the
BEGIN BACKUP option: