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The roots of NoSQL databases can be traced back to the mid-60s when databases such as MUMPS (aka M Database) and PICK (aka MultiValue) came into existence. The main purpose at that time was to build a schema-less implementation of the relational database management system (RDBMS) that would be lightweight and optimized, highly scalable, provide high-transaction throughput, and most importantly, provide an alternative method for data access than the traditional SQL interface.
The term “NoSQL” was initially coined by Carlo Strozzi in 1998 when he named his lightweight, open source relational database management system as NoSQL. Although his database ...

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