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Organic Chemistry I For Dummies, 2nd Edition by Arthur Winter

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Chapter 2

Dissecting Atoms: Atomic Structure and Bonding

In This Chapter

arrow Taking apart an atom and putting it back together

arrow Reviewing electron apartments: orbitals

arrow Predicting dipole moments for bonds and molecules

arrow Discovering ionic and covalent bonds

arrow Mixing in orbital mixing

arrow Determining orbital pictures for organic molecules

In this chapter, you take apart an atom, study the most important pieces (being careful not to lose any), and then put it back together again, as if you were an atom mechanic. After you see all the pieces, including where they fit in an atom and how they work, you begin to see how atoms come together and bond, and you discover the different kinds of bonds. Here, you find out that atoms were not created equally: Some atoms are greedy, and they selfishly plunder the electrons in a bond for themselves, while others are more generous. I show you how to distinguish ...

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