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Organic Chemistry I For Dummies, 2nd Edition by Arthur Winter

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Chapter 12

Replacing and Removing: Substitution and Elimination Reactions

In This Chapter

arrow Seeing second-order substitution

arrow Considering nucleophiles and leaving groups

arrow Seeing first-order substitution

arrow Discovering first-order and second-order elimination reactions

arrow Distinguishing substitution and elimination reactions

Although you see countless reactions in organic chemistry, you usually don’t sweat the details too much, details like what kinds of solvents are ideal for that reaction, or typical side pathways that lead to undesirable byproducts. The substitution and elimination reactions are exceptions, because these are some of the most widely applicable and versatile reactions that you see in organic chemistry. As such, they deserve a closer look. In this chapter, I present the substitution and elimination reactions, and show you how to recognize these types of reactions. With just these two reaction types, you can synthesize more organic molecules than you can shake a stick at.

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