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Organic Chemistry I For Dummies, 2nd Edition by Arthur Winter

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Appendix C

Glossary

achiral: A molecule that’s superimposable on its mirror image. Achiral molecules do not rotate plane-polarized light.

acid: A proton donor or an electron pair acceptor.

alcohol: A molecule containing a hydroxyl (OH) group. Also a functional group.

aldehyde: A molecule containing a terminal carbonyl (CHO) group. Also a functional group.

alkane: A molecule containing only C-H and C-C single bonds.

alkene: A molecule containing one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. Also a functional group.

alkyne: A molecule containing one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. Also a functional group.

allylic carbon: An sp3 carbon adjacent to a double bond.

amide: A molecule containing a carbonyl group attached to a nitrogen (–CONR2). Also a functional group.

amine: A molecule containing an isolated nitrogen (NR3). Also a functional group.

anion: A negatively charged atom or molecule.

anti addition: A reaction in which the two groups of a reagent X-Y add on opposite faces of a carbon-carbon bond.

anti conformation: A type of staggered conformation in which the two big groups are opposite of each other in a Newman projection (see Figure C-1).

35_9781118828076-fgac01.tif

Figure C-1: A Newman projection of an anti conformation.

anti-aromatic: A highly unstable planar ring system with 4n: π electrons.

anti-periplanar (also known as anticoplanar): The conformation in which a hydrogen and a leaving group are ...

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