Chapter Two: From Abundance to Scarcity in 25 Years
“All the water that will ever be is, right now.”
National Geographic, October 1993
Over the last quarter century there has been a fascinating transformation in terms of the way water is viewed by the global community. In most of the Western world, prior to the last couple of decades, water was of high quality; readily available to agriculture, domestic, and industrial users; and provided at very low cost. Over time, and specifically because of the advancements in technology and demands of human activity, many countries have now shifted to a situation where available water resources are close to their sustainable limit of extraction, and new users wanting access to water are creating competition ...