36 PATIENT EDUCATION: A PRACTICAL APPROACH
More recent utilization data from the 2007
imately 38 percent ofthe American population uses at
least one type of CAM therapy.
among women, those with higher levels of education,
status, adults suffering from chronic illnesses, adults
revealedthefollowingCAM therapies weremostcom-
monly used by US adults: natural products, which are
primarily herbal (17.7 percent); deep breathing exer-
cises (12.7 percent); meditation (9.4 percent); chiro-
practic or osteopathic manipulation (8.6 percent);
Why People Use CAM
conditions,promotionofhealth and wellness,and disease
cine becausethey believeit aims to treat theperson as a
their health outcomes and that CAM practitioners allow
patients more autonomy regarding their health decisions.
Other reasons for use arenoninvasive techniques, a focus
on the mind and body together, and dissatisfaction with
How Do People Pay for CAM Treatments?
Most people receiving CAM therapies must pay out of
offercoverage,buteach company isdifferent,and CAM
coverage is typically limited. Occasionally chiropractic,
acupuncture, massage therapy, biofeedback, and natur-
bursed by contacting their insurance company or agent
Major Types of CAM
Mind–body medicine is a type of CAM that focuses on
mind to optimize the natural processes of the human
meditation; and art, music, and dance therapy.
A study conducted by researchers at Harvard Medical
mind–body medicine along with conventional medical
treatment, and onefth used mind–body medicine as
their primary treatment for conditions such as anxiety,
depression, and musculoskeletal pain syndromes when
conventional medicine did not prove effective.In addi-
tion, participants reported a high level of satisfaction with
mind–body medicine and reported that it signicantly
Meditation is dened as theact offocusing one’s full
attention on a designated object of meditation, such as
This selfregulationof attention has been
system through an increase in antibody production and
reductionin the inammatory process.
also been shown effective in helping patients cope with
and/or reduce symptoms of cancer, depression, anxiety,
cally combine physical postures, breathing techniques,
Interview Survey found that yoga is one of the top 10
ment of chronic health conditions when coupled with
risks by helpingto lowerblood pressureandheart rate.
benets of yoga were supported by a recent study that
sion than did the nonyoga group.
Caution should be
taken by pregnantwomen and elderly and/or frail indi-
tension, and breathing in order to enhance health.
Biofeedback may be an effective treatment to help
headaches, constipation, diarrhea, asthma, and even
popular forms of mind–body medicine. These types of
therapies utilize drawing, painting, sculpting, creative
movement,andmusic to helppeoplecopewith anxiety,