Chapter 2. Reconnaissance
Information in this chapter
• Objective
• A Methodology for Reconnaissance
• Intelligence Gathering
• Footprinting
• Human Recon
• Verification
• Case Study: The Tools in Action
• Hands-On Challenge
The goal of the reconnaissance phase of penetration testing is to gain as much information as possible about a real-world target, such as a company, government, or other group, without actually "touching" the target, and then be able to map the real-world target to a cyberworld target (i.e., to a set of reachable and relevant Internet Protocol addresses). This chapter explores the technologies and techniques used to make that translation happen. In addition to explaining the first four phases of reconnaissance — intelligence gathering, ...

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