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Petroleum Production Engineering, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Petroleum Production Engineering, Second Edition, updates both the new and veteran engineer on how to employ day-to-day production fundamentals to solve real-world challenges with modern technology. Enhanced to include equations and references with today’s more complex systems, such as working with horizontal wells, workovers, and an entire new section of chapters dedicated to flow assurance, this go-to reference remains the most all-inclusive source for answering all upstream and midstream production issues.

Completely updated with five sections covering the entire production spectrum, including well productivity, equipment and facilities, well stimulation and workover, artificial lift methods, and flow assurance, this updated edition continues to deliver the most practical applied production techniques, answers, and methods for today’s production engineer and manager.

In addition, updated Excel spreadsheets that cover the most critical production equations from the book are included for download.

  • Updated to cover today’s critical production challenges, such as flow assurance, horizontal and multi-lateral wells, and workovers
  • Guides users from theory to practical application with the help of over 50 online Excel spreadsheets that contain basic production equations, such as gas lift potential, multilateral gas well deliverability, and production forecasting
  • Delivers an all-inclusive product with real-world answers for training or quick look up solutions for the entire petroleum production spectrum

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. List of Figures
  7. List of Tables
  8. Preface
  9. List of Symbols
    1. Greek Symbols
  10. Part I: Well Productivity
    1. Part I: Well Productivity
    2. Chapter 1. Well Components
      1. Abstract
      2. 1.1 Introduction
      3. 1.2 Wellbore
      4. 1.3 Wellhead
      5. 1.4 Flowline
      6. 1.5 Safety Control System
      7. 1.6 Summary
      8. References
      9. Problems
    3. Chapter 2. Properties of Petroleum Fluids
      1. Abstract
      2. 2.1 Introduction
      3. 2.2 Properties of Oil
      4. 2.3 Properties of Natural Gas
      5. 2.4 Properties of Produced Water
      6. 2.5 Interfacial Tension
      7. 2.6 Summary
      8. References
      9. Problems
    4. Chapter 3. Reservoir Deliverability
      1. Abstract
      2. 3.1 Introduction
      3. 3.2 Vertical Wells
      4. 3.3 Horizontal Wells
      5. 3.4 Multilateral Wells
      6. 3.5 Inflow Performance Relationship
      7. 3.6 Construction of IPR Curves Using Test Points
      8. 3.7 Composite IPR of Stratified Reservoirs
      9. 3.8 Future IPR
      10. 3.9 Summary
      11. References
      12. Problems
    5. Chapter 4. Wellbore Flow Performance
      1. Abstract
      2. 4.1 Introduction
      3. 4.2 Single-Phase Liquid Flow
      4. 4.3 Single-Phase Gas Flow
      5. 4.4 Multiphase Flow in Oil Wells
      6. 4.5 Summary
      7. References
      8. Problems
    6. Chapter 5. Choke Performance
      1. Abstract
      2. 5.1 Introduction
      3. 5.2 Sonic and Subsonic Flow
      4. 5.3 Single-Phase Liquid Flow
      5. 5.4 Single-Phase Gas Flow
      6. 5.5 Multiphase Flow
      7. 5.6 Summary
      8. References
      9. Problems
    7. Chapter 6. Well Deliverability
      1. Abstract
      2. 6.1 Introduction
      3. 6.2 Principle of Nodal Analysis
      4. 6.3 Deliverability of Vertical Wells
      5. 6.4 Deliverability of Horizontal Wells
      6. 6.5 Deliverability of Multilateral Wells
      7. 6.6 Summary
      8. References
      9. Problems
    8. Chapter 7. Forecast of Well Production
      1. Abstract
      2. 7.1 Introduction
      3. 7.2 Oil Production During Transient Flow Period
      4. 7.3 Oil Production During Pseudo–Steady Flow Period
      5. 7.4 Gas Production During Transient Flow Period
      6. 7.5 Gas Production During Pseudo–Steady-State Flow Period
      7. 7.6 Production Forecast Through Reservoir Simulation
      8. 7.7 Summary
      9. References
      10. Problems
    9. Chapter 8. Production Decline Analysis
      1. Abstract
      2. 8.1 Introduction
      3. 8.2 Exponential Decline
      4. 8.3 Harmonic Decline
      5. 8.4 Hyperbolic Decline
      6. 8.5 Model Identification
      7. 8.6 Determination of Model Parameters
      8. 8.7 Illustrative Examples
      9. 8.8 Summary
      10. References
      11. Problems
  11. Part II: Surface and Downhole Equipment
    1. Part II: Surface and Downhole Equipment
    2. Chapter 9. Well Tubing and Packers
      1. Abstract
      2. 9.1 Introduction
      3. 9.2 Wellhead-Tubing-Packer Relation
      4. 9.3 Tubing Design
      5. 9.4 Production Packers
      6. 9.5 Summary
      7. References
      8. Problems
    3. Chapter 10. Separation Systems
      1. Abstract
      2. 10.1 Introduction
      3. 10.2 Separation System
      4. 10.3 Dehydration Systems
      5. 10.4 Summary
      6. References
      7. Problems
    4. Chapter 11. Transportation Systems
      1. Abstract
      2. 11.1 Introduction
      3. 11.2 Pumps
      4. 11.3 Compressors
      5. 11.4 Pipelines
      6. 11.5 Summary
      7. References
      8. Problems
  12. Part III: Well Stimulation and Workover
    1. Part III: Well Stimulation and Workover
    2. Chapter 12. Well Problem Identification
      1. Abstract
      2. 12.1 Introduction
      3. 12.2 Low Productivity
      4. 12.3 Excessive Gas Production
      5. 12.4 Excessive Water Production
      6. 12.5 Liquid Loading of Gas Wells
      7. 12.6 Formation Damage
      8. 12.7 Summary
      9. References
      10. Problems
    3. Chapter 13. Acidizing
      1. Abstract
      2. 13.1 Introduction
      3. 13.2 Acid Types
      4. 13.3 Candidate Selection
      5. 13.4 Acid–Rock Interaction
      6. 13.5 Sandstone Acidizing Design
      7. 13.6 Carbonate Acidizing Design
      8. 13.7 Acid Diversion
      9. 13.8 Acid Placement Diagnosis
      10. 13.9 Summary
      11. References
      12. Problems
    4. Chapter 14. Hydraulic Fracturing
      1. Abstract
      2. 14.1 Introduction
      3. 14.2 Basic Rock Mechanics
      4. 14.3 Hydraulic Fracture Geometry Overview
      5. 14.4 Hydraulic Fracture Models
      6. 14.5 Fracturing Pressure Analysis
      7. 14.6 Fracturing Materials and Equipment
      8. 14.7 Fractured Well Productivity
      9. 14.8 Fracturing Treatment Design
      10. 14.9 Frac-Pack Treatments
      11. 14.10 Fracturing Horizontal Wells
      12. 14.11 Fracturing Treatment Evaluation
      13. 14.12 Summary
      14. References
      15. Problems
    5. Chapter 15. Well Workover
      1. Abstract
      2. 15.1 Introduction
      3. 15.2 Types of Workovers
      4. 15.3 Workover Considerations
      5. 15.4 Workover Equipment
      6. 15.5 Engineering Calculations
      7. 15.6 Summary
      8. References
      9. Problems
  13. Part IV: Artificial Lift Methods
    1. Part IV: Artificial Lift Methods
    2. Chapter 16. Sucker Rod Pumping
      1. Abstract
      2. 16.1 Introduction
      3. 16.2 Pumping System
      4. 16.3 Polished Rod Motion
      5. 16.4 Load to the Pumping Unit
      6. 16.5 Pump Deliverability and Power Requirements
      7. 16.6 Procedure for Pumping Unit Selection
      8. 16.7 Principles of Pump Performance Analysis
      9. 16.8 Summary
      10. References
      11. Problems
    3. Chapter 17. Gas Lift
      1. Abstract
      2. 17.1 Introduction
      3. 17.2 Gas Lift System
      4. 17.3 Evaluation of Gas Lift Potential
      5. 17.4 Gas Lift Gas Compression Requirements
      6. 17.5 Selection of Gas Lift Valves
      7. 17.6 Special Issues in Intermittent-Flow Gas Lift
      8. 17.7 Design of Gas Lift Installations
      9. 17.8 Summary
      10. References
      11. Problems
    4. Chapter 18. Other Artificial Lift Methods
      1. Abstract
      2. 18.1 Introduction
      3. 18.2 Electrical Submersible Pump
      4. 18.3 Hydraulic Piston Pumping
      5. 18.4 Progressive Cavity Pumping
      6. 18.5 Plunger Lift
      7. 18.6 Hydraulic Jet Pumping
      8. 18.7 Summary
      9. References
      10. Problems
  14. Part V: Pipeline Flow Assurance
    1. Part V: Pipeline Flow Assurance
    2. Chapter 19. Pipeline Precommissioning and Testing
      1. Abstract
      2. 19.1 Introduction
      3. 19.2 Pipeline Flooding, Cleaning, and Gauging Operations
      4. 19.3 Pipeline Hydrotesting and Leak Testing
      5. 19.4 Pipeline Dewatering, Drying, and Purging
      6. 19.5 Summary
      7. References
      8. Problems
    3. Chapter 20. Gas Hydrate Control
      1. Abstract
      2. 20.1 Introduction
      3. 20.2 Hydrate Forming Condition
      4. 20.3 Hydrate Prevention and Mitigation
      5. 20.4 Summary
      6. References
      7. Problems
    4. Chapter 21. Other Flow Assurance Issues
      1. Abstract
      2. 21.1 Introduction
      3. 21.2 Fluid Sampling and Characterizations
      4. 21.3 Flow Assurance Analysis
      5. 21.4 Summary
      6. References
      7. Problems
    5. Chapter 22. Pipeline Pigging
      1. Abstract
      2. 22.1 Introduction
      3. 22.2 Pigging System
      4. 22.3 Selection of Pigs
      5. 22.4 Major Applications
      6. 22.5 Pigging Procedure
      7. 22.6 Summary
      8. References
      9. Problems
  15. Appendix A. Unit Conversion Factors
  16. Appendix B. The Minimum Performance Properties of API Tubing
  17. Index