This chapter describes oil and gas transportation systems. Crude oil and natural gas are transmitted over short or long distances mainly through pipelines. Pumps and compressors are used for providing pressures required for the transportation. The chapter presents principles of pumps and compressors and techniques that are used for selecting these types of equipment. Pipeline design criteria, fluid flow in pipelines, and pipeline modification are also discussed in the chapter. The chapter presents and demonstrates the procedure for selecting pumps and gas compressors and illustrates the theory and applications of pipeline design.
Pipeline; transportation; models; pumps; compressors