a priori concepts  According to Kant, concepts that “come before,” or presuppose experience, making it possible for us to understand things. An example is the concept of substance.

akrasia  The ancient Greek term for weakness of will that causes people to do what they know is not right.

alienation  Hegel’s word for what happens when people and ideas get cut off from unified reality. Alienation takes place when intellectual conflict doesn’t get resolved. Years later, Karl Marx adapted this concept to refer to the problem of workers not having a direct stake in their own labor. Alienated labor is thus the problem of working for someone else.

allegory  The use of images to represent a hidden or unstated meaning.

analytic philosophy ...

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