CHAPTER9

Middle Eastern Religious Philosophy

In This Chapter

  • How Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are related
  • How believing in one righteous God formed a foundation for equality and justice
  • How Judaism, Christianity, and Islam interpret sin, evil, and salvation

The Middle East gave rise to three of the world’s great religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Underpinning these distinct religions are some shared philosophical ideas that continue to have a deep and widespread influence.

All three embrace the idea of a single, all-powerful God who is righteous and cares about humanity. This belief leads to powerful philosophical views of good ...

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