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Concepts and Theories of Democracy

Introduction

For many, democracy is a guarantee of freedom, equality and popular rule. But for some, it is the rule of the ignorant and the average person in which number counts, not merit.1

Democracy is understood in a variety of ways. The Athenians in ancient Greece led by Pericles celebrated democracy, Plato rejected it as the rule of the ignorant and Aristotle found it as a corrupt form of polity, his balanced constitution. By the time Abraham Lincoln ended his famous Gettysburg speech on Nov. 17, 1863 in the mist of American Civil War commotions; in his last sentence he had already given both flesh and spirit to the meaning of democracy as government of the people, by the people, for the people. David ...

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