CHAPTER5Positive Meaning

The search for positive meaning has been proposed as a universal human need (Baumeister & Vohs, 2002; Frankl, 1959; Grant, 2007), and well-established relationships exist between engaging in meaningful work and positive outcomes. When people feel that they are pursuing a profound purpose or engaging in work that is personally important, significant positive effects are produced, including reductions in stress, depression, turnover, absenteeism, dissatisfaction, and cynicism, as well as increases in commitment, effort, engagement, empowerment, happiness, satisfaction, and a sense of fulfillment (see Chen, 2007).

Wrzesniewski (2003), citing research in sociology (Bellah, et al., 1985) and psychology (Baumeister, 1991; Schwartz, ...

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