1 Second wave feminism: a term coined by Marsha Weinman Lear to refer to the formation of women’s liberation groups in America, Britain and Germany in the late 1960s. The term ‘second wave’ implies that ‘first wave’ feminism ended in the 1920s.

    Disillusionment with the politics of Civil Rights, the anti-war movement and Students for a Democratic Society led American women to form their own consciousness-raising groups. This activity is encapsulated in the slogan ‘the personal is political’. Sara Evans claims that, in its trajectory from Civil Rights to Women’s Liberation, the second wave recapitulated the history of first wave feminism in the sense that a struggle for racial equality was midwife to both ...

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