Creep in boiler materials: mechanisms, measurement and modelling
V. Sklenika and L. Kloc, Institute of Physics of Materials, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
Creep is one of the most important factors determining the useful life of boiler structures in power plants. The chapter first discusses the physical basis of the creep processes pointing out the key role of microstructural evolution and stability of creep-resistant materials. Then creep measurement methods are reviewed and the results of some experiments to simulate the effects of the operating environment are described. Finally, the various methods ...