O'Reilly logo

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Practical Antenna Handbook 5/e, 5th Edition

Book Description

THE DEFINITIVE ANTENNA REFERENCE--FULLY REVISED AND EXPANDED!

Design and build your own antennas with the help of this unique guide. Updated and revised to provide clear answers to questions frequently asked by hobbyists and electronics technicians, Practical Antenna Handbook, Fifth Edition blends theoretical concepts with hands-on experience--requiring only high school mathematics

Reorganized to flow logically from broad physical principles to specific antenna design and construction techniques, the book begins by covering the fundamentals. Then the half-wave dipole is discussed both as an excellent antenna in its own right and as a conceptual tool for predicting the performance of other designs. Transmission line impedance matching techniques--and a companion Smith chart tutorial--lead into "must have" accessories for tuning, monitoring, and troubleshooting antenna system performance. Other tools, such as antenna modeling software and network analyzer add-ons for PCs and Macs, are addressed, and concluding chapters offer fresh insights into support structures and installation techniques.

NEW TOPICS COVERED INCLUDE:

  • Characteristics of all-driven and parasitic arrays
  • Beverages and small MF/HF receiving loops
  • Top-loaded shunt-fed towers and other verticals
  • Theory and design of Yagi beams
  • Effect of real ground on propagation and antenna patterns, impedance, and efficiency
  • Lightning protection and four kinds of ground systems
  • Zoning and restrictive covenants

COVERS A WIDE VARIETY OF ANTENNAS:

  • Dipoles and inverted-Vs
  • Quads, delta, and NVIS loops
  • Wire arrays (bobtail curtain, half-square, rhombic)
  • Verticals and shunt-fed towers
  • Rotatable Yagi beams
  • MF/HF receiving antennas (flag, pennant, K9AY, Beverage)
  • Mobile and portable antennas
  • VHF/UHF/microwave antennas
  • And many more

GO TO WWW.MHPROFESSIONAL.COM/CARR5 FOR:
* Tables of worldwide geographic coordinates and antenna dimensions vs. frequency * Supplier updates * Author's blog * Additional photographs and schematics * Links to tutorials and specialized calculators

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Practical Antenna Handbook
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Contents
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Part I Background and History
    1. 1 Introduction to Radio Communication
  8. Part II Fundamentals
    1. 2 Radio-Wave Propagation
      1. Radio Waves
      2. The Electromagnetic Wave: A Brief Review
      3. Isotropic Sources
      4. The Earth’s Atmosphere
      5. EM Wave Propagation Phenomena
      6. Propagation Paths
      7. Ionospheric Propagation
      8. Propagation Predictions
      9. The Magic of Radio
    2. 3 Antenna Basics
      1. Circuit Fundamentals
      2. Fields
      3. The Hertzian Dipole
      4. The Half-Wave Dipole
      5. Standing Waves
      6. Velocity of Propagation and Antenna Length
      7. Antenna Resistance and Losses
      8. Half-Wave Dipole Feedpoint Impedance
    3. 4 Transmission Lines and Impedance Matching
      1. Types of Transmission Lines
      2. Transmission Line Characteristic Impedance
      3. Other Transmission Line Characteristics
      4. Transmission Line Responses
      5. Standing Wave Ratio
      6. Impedance Matching in Antenna Systems
    4. 5 Antenna Arrays and Array Gain
      1. All-Driven Arrays
      2. Parasitic Arrays
      3. Ground Effects
  9. Part III High-Frequency Building-Block Antennas
    1. 6 Dipoles and Doublets
      1. The Dipole Feedpoint
      2. The Dipole Radiation Pattern
      3. Tuning the Dipole Antenna
      4. Other Dipoles
      5. Summary
    2. 7 Large Wire Loop Antennas
      1. λ/2 Large Loops
      2. 1λ Large Loops
      3. 2λ Bisquare Loop Antenna
      4. Near-Vertical Incidence Skywave (NVIS) Antenna
    3. 8 Multiband and Tunable Wire Antennas
      1. Multiband Antennas
      2. Tuned Feeder Antennas
      3. Longwire Antenna
      4. Off-Center-Fed Dipole
    4. 9 Vertically Polarized Antennas
      1. Vertical Dipole
      2. Grounded Vertical Monopole
      3. Elevated Ground-Plane Antenna
      4. Vertical versus Horizontal Polarization
      5. Supporting the Vertical Antenna
  10. Part IV Directional High-Frequency Antenna Arrays
    1. 10 Wire Arrays
      1. Longwire Antennas
      2. Arrays of Longwires
      3. Bobtail Curtain
      4. Half-Square
      5. 20-m ZL-Special Beam
    2. 11 Vertical Arrays
      1. Directivity and Phasing
      2. Two-Element Array
      3. 360-Degree Directional Array
      4. Four-Square Array
      5. Receive-Only Vertical Arrays
      6. Grounding
    3. 12 The Yagi-Uda Beam Antenna
      1. Theory of Operation
      2. Three-Element Yagi Antennas
      3. Yagi Antennas with Four or More Elements
      4. Yagi Construction
      5. Wire Yagis
      6. Multiband Yagis
      7. Yagis with Loaded Elements
      8. Feeding the Yagi
      9. Moxon Beam
      10. Stacking Yagi Antennas
      11. Rolling Your Own
      12. Further Reading
    4. 13 Cubical Quads and Delta Loops
      1. Cubical Quad
      2. Delta Loop
      3. Diamond Loop
      4. Concluding Thoughts
  11. Part V High-Frequency Antennas for Specialized Uses
    1. 14 Receiving Antennas for High Frequency
      1. Beverage or “Wave” Antenna
      2. Phased Beverages
      3. Snake or BOG Antenna
      4. Receiving Loops
      5. The EWE Antenna
      6. Pennants, Flags, and the K9AY Loop
      7. Longwire Antennas
    2. 15 Hidden and Limited-Space Antennas
      1. Hidden Antennas
      2. Limited-Space Antennas
    3. 16 Mobile and Marine Antennas
      1. Mobile Antennas for VHF and UHF
      2. Mobile Antennas for HF and MF
      3. Marine Radio Antennas
    4. 17 Emergency and Portable Antennas
      1. Improving Radiator Efficiency
      2. Reducing Ground Losses
      3. Selecting the Right Polarization
      4. Temporary Supports
      5. Summary
  12. Part VI Antennas for Other Frequencies
    1. 18 Antennas for 160 Meters
      1. Vertical Monopoles
      2. Horizontal Antennas
      3. Inverted-L Antennas
      4. Receiving on the Transmit Antenna
    2. 19 VHF and UHF Antennas
      1. Ground-Plane Vertical
      2. Coaxial Vertical
      3. J-Pole Antennas
      4. Collinear Vertical
      5. Grounds for Ground-Plane Verticals
      6. Yagi Antennas
      7. Halo Antennas
      8. Quad Beam Antennas
      9. VHF/UHF Scanner Band Antennas
      10. VHF/UHF Antenna Impedance Matching
    3. 20 Microwave Waveguides and Antennas
      1. Waveguides
      2. Microwave Antennas
    4. 21 Antenna Noise Temperature
      1. Noise Factor, Noise Figure, and Noise Temperature
    5. 22 Radio Astronomy Antennas
      1. General Considerations
      2. Listening to “Ol’ Sol”
      3. Signals from Jupiter
      4. Ring Antenna
      5. DDRR
      6. Helical Antennas
      7. Multiple Helical Antennas
      8. Interferometer Antennas
    6. 23 Radio Direction-Finding (RDF) Antennas
      1. Field Improvisation
      2. Loop Antennas for RDF
      3. Sense Antenna Circuit
      4. RDF at VHF and UHF
      5. Fox Hunting
      6. Shortwave and AM BCB “Skip” RDF
      7. Doppler RDF Antennas
      8. Wullenweber Array
      9. Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) Array
      10. Switched-Pattern RDF Antennas
      11. Summary
  13. Part VII Tuning, Troubleshooting, and Design Aids
    1. 24 Antenna Tuners (ATUs)
      1. ATU Circuit Configurations
      2. Transmatch Circuit
      3. Baluns
      4. Ferrite Core Inductors
    2. 25 Antenna Modeling Software
      1. Under the Hood
      2. A Typical NEC-2 GUI
      3. Recently Added Features
      4. Other Considerations
      5. Terrain and Propagation Modeling Software
      6. Summary
    3. 26 The Smith Chart
      1. Smith Chart Components
      2. Smith Chart Applications
    4. 27 Testing and Troubleshooting
      1. A Review of SWR
      2. Impedance Bridges
      3. RF Noise Bridges
      4. Dip Oscillators
      5. RF Wattmeters and VSWR Meters
      6. SWR Analyzers
      7. Vector Network Analyzers
      8. Dummy Loads
      9. Documenting Antenna System Measurements
  14. Part VIII Mechanical Construction and Installation Techniques
    1. 28 Supports for Wires and Verticals
      1. Antenna Safety
      2. Wire Antenna Construction
      3. Supporting the Wire Antenna
      4. Installing Vertical Antennas
    2. 29 Towers
      1. Types of Towers
      2. Tower Fundamentals
      3. Guyed Towers
      4. Bracketed Towers
      5. Foldover Towers
      6. Crank-up Towers
      7. Self-Supporting Towers
      8. Tower Bases
      9. Guy Wires and Anchors
      10. Erecting the Tower
      11. Rotators, Masts, and Thrust Bearings
      12. Preowned Towers and Accessories
      13. Required Reading
    3. 30 Grounding for Safety and Performance
      1. Grounding for Lightning Protection
      2. Grounding for Power Distribution Safety
      3. Station Grounding
      4. Grounds for Antenna Efficiency
    4. 31 Zoning, Restrictive Covenants, and Neighbors
      1. Public Sector Restraints
      2. Private Sector Restraints
      3. Final Thoughts
      4. For Additional Reading
  15. Appendices
    1. Appendix A Useful Math
    2. Appendix B Suppliers and Other Resources
  16. Index
  17. Footnotes
    1. Fn01
    2. Fn02
    3. Fn03