The Shouters Prohibition Ordinance [28 November, 1917; see Herskovits and Herskovits, 1964, pp. 340–342] makes illegal the practice of the body known as “Shouters,” and its provisions should be rigidly enforced by the Constabulary ….
These practices include as follows:
(a) Binding the head with white cloth.
(b) Holding the lighted candle in the hands.
(c) Ringing of a bell at intervals during meetings.
(d) Violent shaking of the body and limbs.
(e) Shouting and grunting.
(f) Flowers held in the hands of persons present.
(g) White chalk marks about the floor.
Source: The Trinidad Constabulary Manual , cited in Herskovits and Herskovits, 1964, pp. 344–345.