Theory X and Theory Y Managers
McGreggor's theory of X and Y managers says that there are two kinds of managers, type X and type Y.
Type X managers think that all people are basically lazy and that unless they are threatened or in some way forced to do work, they will not do any work. These managers direct work to be done and do not allow very much participation in any decision making, because they feel that the participation by the workers would only lead to less work being done.
Type Y managers believe that people will do a good job for the sake of doing it. They believe in participative management and sharing information with the workers. These managers will also listen to problems that are brought up by their staff.
Theory X managers ...