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Principles of Colloid and Surface Chemistry, Revised and Expanded, 3rd Edition

Book Description

This work aims to familiarize students with the fundamentals of colloid and surface science, from various types of colloids and colloidal phenomena, and classical and modern characterization/measurement techniques to applications of colloids and surface science in engineering, technology, chemistry, physics and biological and medical sciences. The Journal of Textile Studies proclaims "High praise from peers . . .contains valuable information on many topics of interest to food rheologists and polymer scientists …[The book] should be in the libraries of academic and industrial food research organizations" and Chromatographia describes the book as "…an excellent textbook, excellently organised, clearly written and well laid out."

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Table of Contents
  6. Preface to the Third Edition
  7. Acknowledgments
  8. Preface to the Second Edition
  9. Preface to the First Edition
  10. 1. Colloid and Surface Chemistry: Scope and Variables
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 The Importance of the Surface for Small Particles
    3. 1.3 Classification of Colloids Based on Affinity to Carrier Fluid
    4. 1.4 Concept of Stability of Colloidal Systems
    5. 1.5 Some Physical Characteristics of Colloids
    6. 1.6 Some Classical and Emerging Experimental Tools
    7. 1.7 An Overview of the Book
    8. Review Questions
    9. References
    10. Problems
  11. 2. Sedimentation and Diffusion and Their Equilibrium
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Sedimentation: Some Basic Considerations
    3. 2.3 Gravitational Sedimentation
    4. 2.4 Centrifugal Sedimentation
    5. 2.5 Diffusion
    6. 2.6 Brownian Motion and Diffusion
    7. 2.7 The Random Coil and Random Walk Statistics
    8. 2.8 Equilibrium Between Sedimentation and Diffusion
    9. Review Questions
    10. References
    11. Problems
  12. 3. Solution Thermodynamics: Osmotic and Donnan Equilibria
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Osmotic Pressure: Thermodynamic Foundations
    3. 3.3 Osmometry: Some Applications
    4. 3.4 Statistical Foundations of Solution Thermodynamics
    5. 3.5 Osmotic Equilibrium in Charged Systems
    6. 3.6 Some Applications of Osmotic Phenomena
    7. Review Questions
    8. References
    9. Problems
  13. 4. The Rheology of Dispersions
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Newton’s Law of Viscosity
    3. 4.3 Concentric-Cylinder and Cone-and-Plate Viscometers
    4. 4.4 The Poiseuille Equation and Capillary Viscometers
    5. 4.5 The Equation of Motion: The Navier-Stokes Equation
    6. 4.6 Einstein’s Theory of Viscosity of Dispersions
    7. 4.7 Deviations from the Einstein Model
    8. 4.8 Non-Newtonian Behavior
    9. 4.9 Viscosity of Polymer Solutions
    10. Review Questions
    11. References
    12. Problems
  14. 5. Static and Dynamic Light Scattering and Other Radiation Scattering
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Interaction of Radiation with Matter
    3. 5.3 Scattering by Small Particles: Theory of Rayleigh Scattering
    4. 5.4 Experimental Aspects of Light Scattering
    5. 5.5 Extension to Larger Particles and to Intraparticle Interference Effects
    6. 5.6 Interference Effects and Structure of Particles
    7. 5.7 Scattering by Large, Absorbing Particles
    8. 5.8 Dynamic Light Scattering
    9. Review Questions
    10. References
    11. Problems
  15. 6. Surface Tension and Contact Angle: Application to Pure Substances
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Surface Tension and Contact Angle: A First Look
    3. 6.3 Thermodynamics of Surfaces: Surface Tension as Surface Free Energy
    4. 6.4 Surface Tension: Implications for Curved Interfaces and Capillarity
    5. 6.5 Effects of Curved Interfaces on Phase Equilibria and Nucleation: The Kelvin Equation
    6. 6.6 Surface Tension and Contact Angle: Their Relation to Wetting and Spreading Phenomena
    7. 6.7 Contact Angles: Some Complications
    8. 6.8 Measuring Surface Tension and Contact Angle: Round Two
    9. 6.9 Contact of Liquids with Porous Solids and Powders
    10. 6.10 Molecular Interpretation of Surface Tension
    11. Review Questions
    12. References
    13. Problems
  16. 7. Adsorption from Solution and Monolayer Formation
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Insoluble Monolayers: Spreading of Surfactants on Aqueous Surfaces
    3. 7.3 Experimental Measurement of Film Pressure
    4. 7.4 Results of Film Balance Studies
    5. 7.5 Viscous Behavior of Two-Dimensional Phases
    6. 7.6 Applications of Monolayers and Monolayer Concepts
    7. 7.7 Adsorption from Solution: Thermodynamics
    8. 7.8 The Gibbs Equation: Experimental Results
    9. 7.9 Adsorption on Solid Surfaces
    10. 7.10 Applications of Adsorption from Solution
    11. 7.11 Adsorption in the Presence of an Applied Potential
    12. Review Questions
    13. References
    14. Problems
  17. 8. Colloidal Structures in Surfactant Solutions: Association Colloids
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Surfactants in Solution: Experimental Observations and Models
    3. 8.3 Structure of Micelles
    4. 8.4 Molecular Architecture of Surfactants, Packing Considerations, and Shapes of Micelles
    5. 8.5 Critical Micelle Concentration and the Thermodynamics of Micellization
    6. 8.6 Solubilization
    7. 8.7 Catalysis by Micelles
    8. 8.8 Reverse Micelles
    9. 8.9 Emulsions and Microemulsions
    10. 8.10 Some Applications of Microemulsions
    11. 8.11 Biological Membranes
    12. Review Questions
    13. References
    14. Problems
  18. 9. Adsorption at Gas–Solid Interfaces
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Experimental and Theoretical Treatments of Adsorption: An Overview
    3. 9.3 Thermodynamics of Adsorption: Phenomenological Perspective
    4. 9.4 Thermodynamics of Adsorption: A Statistical Perspective
    5. 9.5 Multilayer Adsorption: The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller Equation
    6. 9.6 Energetics of Adsorption
    7. 9.7 Adsorption in Porous Solids
    8. 9.8 Adsorption on Crystal Surfaces
    9. 9.9 Metal Surfaces and Heterogeneous Catalysis
    10. Review Questions
    11. References
    12. Problems
  19. 10. van der Waals Forces
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 van der Waals Forces and Their Importance in Colloid and Surface Chemistry
    3. 10.3 Molecular Interactions and Power Laws
    4. 10.4 Molecular Origins and the Macroscopic Implications of van der Waals Forces
    5. 10.5 van der Waals Forces Between Large Particles and Over Large Distances
    6. 10.6 Calculating van der Waals Forces Between Macroscopic Bodies
    7. 10.7 Theories of van der Waals Forces Based on Bulk Properties
    8. 10.8 Effect of the Medium on the van der Waals Attraction
    9. Review Questions
    10. References
    11. Problems
  20. 11. The Electrical Double Layer and Double-Layer Interactions
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Surface Charges and Electrical Double Layer: Background
    3. 11.3 The Capacitor Model of the Double Layer
    4. 11.4 The Diffuse Double Layer: The Debye-Huckel Approximation
    5. 11.5 The Debye-Hückel Approximation: Results
    6. 11.6 The Electrical Double Layer: Gouy-Chapman Theory
    7. 11.7 Overlapping Double Layers and Interparticle Repulsion
    8. 11.8 “Not-Quite-Indifferent” Electrolytes: Stern Adsorption
    9. Review Questions
    10. References
    11. Problems
  21. 12. Electrophoresis and Other Electrokinetic Phenomena
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Mobilities of Small Ions and Macroions in Electric Fields: A Comparison
    3. 12.3 Zeta Potential: Thick Electrical Double Layers
    4. 12.4 Zeta Potential: Thin Electrical Double Layers
    5. 12.5 Zeta Potential: General Theory for Spherical Particles
    6. 12.6 Electroosmosis
    7. 12.7 Streaming Potential
    8. 12.8 The Surface of Shear and Viscoelectric Effect
    9. 12.9 Experimental Aspects of Electrophoresis
    10. 12.10 Determining the Surface Charge from Electrokinetic Measurements
    11. 12.11 Applications of Electrokinetic Phenomena
    12. Review Questions
    13. References
    14. Problems
  22. 13. Electrostatic and Polymer-Induced Colloid Stability
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Interparticle Forces and the Structure and Stability of Dispersions
    3. 13.3 The Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek Theory of Colloid Stability
    4. 13.4 Theory of Coagulation in Dilute Dispersions
    5. 13.5 Polymer-Colloid Mixtures: A Phenomenological Perspective
    6. 13.6 Polymer-Induced Forces
    7. 13.7 Steric Stabilization: A Model for the Initial Encounter
    8. Review Questions
    9. References
    10. Problems
  23. Appendix A: Examples of Expansions Encountered in This Book
    1. Reference
  24. Appendix B: Units: CGS-SI Interconversions
    1. References
  25. Appendix C: Statistics of Discrete and Continuous Distributions of Data
    1. C.1 Introduction
    2. C.2 Discrete Distributions
    3. C.3 Theoretical Distribution Functions
    4. References
  26. Appendix D: List of Worked-Out Examples
  27. Index