CHAPTER 7

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Handling HTTP

The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the fundamental language for communication over the Web. It’s spoken by both Web servers and Web browsers, along with a variety of specialty tools for dealing with the Web.

The Python community has done a tremendous amount of work to standardize the behavior of applications that interact with HTTP, culminating in PEP-333,1 the Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI). Since Django follows the WSGI specification, many of the details listed in this chapter are a direct result of compliance with PEP-333.

Requests and Responses

Because HTTP is a stateless protocol, at its heart is the notion ...

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