Chapter 4. SQL is About Sets

Karen Morton

One of the most difficult transitions to make in order to become highly proficient at writing SQL well is to shift from thinking procedurally to thinking declaratively (or in sets). It is often hardest to learn to think in sets if you've spent time working with virtually any programming language. If this is the case for you, you are likely very comfortable with constructs such as IF-THEN-ELSE, WHILE-DO, LOOP-END LOOP, and BEGIN-END. These constructs support working with logic and data in a very procedural, step-by-step, top-down type approach. The SQL language is not intended to be implemented from a procedural point of view, but from a set-oriented one. The longer it takes you to shift to a set-oriented ...

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