Uncontrolled access to data, with no audit trail of activity and no oversight would be going too far.
—US Naval Officer John Poindexter
A couple of key advantages provided by enterprise systems, which are often overlooked until the auditors start poking around, are process logging,auditing, and data lineage. The conceptsare simple: when you move data from system to system and manipulate it along the way,you might need to keep track of where it came from, maintain summary information about data processing, and know which processes touched that data along the way. There are a few reasons for keeping track of this additional information:
- You may need to keep it for troubleshooting purposes, to trace data ...